1 power to direct or determine; "under control"
2 a relation of constraint of one entity (thing or person or group) by another; "measures for the control of disease"; "they instituted controls over drinking on campus"
3 (physiology) regulation or maintenance of a function or action or reflex etc; "the timing and control of his movements were unimpaired"; "he had lost control of his sphincters"
4 a standard against which other conditions can be compared in a scientific experiment; "the control condition was inappropriate for the conclusions he wished to draw" [syn: control condition]
5 the activity of managing or exerting control over something; "the control of the mob by the police was admirable"
6 the state that exists when one person or group has power over another; "her apparent dominance of her husband was really her attempt to make him pay attention to her" [syn: dominance, ascendance, ascendence, ascendancy, ascendency]
7 discipline in personal and social activities; "he was a model of polite restraint"; "she never lost control of herself" [syn: restraint] [ant: unrestraint]
8 great skillfulness and knowledge of some subject or activity; "a good command of French" [syn: command, mastery]
9 the economic policy of controlling or limiting or curbing prices or wages etc.; "they wanted to repeal all the legislation that imposed economic controls"
10 a mechanism that controls the operation of a machine; "the speed control on his turntable was not working properly"; "I turned the controls over to her" [syn: controller]
11 a spiritual agency that is assumed to assist the medium during a seance
1 exercise authoritative control or power over; "control the budget"; "Command the military forces" [syn: command]
2 lessen the intensity of; temper; hold in restraint; hold or keep within limits; "moderate your alcohol intake"; "hold your tongue"; "hold your temper"; "control your anger" [syn: hold in, hold, contain, check, curb, moderate]
3 handle and cause to function; "do not operate machinery after imbibing alcohol"; "control the lever" [syn: operate]
4 control (others or oneself) or influence skillfully, usually to one's advantage; "She manipulates her boss"; "She is a very controlling mother and doesn't let her children grow up"; "The teacher knew how to keep the class in line"; "she keeps in line" [syn: manipulate, keep in line]
5 verify or regulate by conducting a parallel experiment or comparing with another standard, of scientific experiments; "Are you controlling for the temperature?" [syn: verify]
6 verify by using a duplicate register for comparison; "control an account"
7 be careful or certain to do something; make certain of something; "He verified that the valves were closed"; "See that the curtains are closed"; "control the quality of the product" [syn: see, check, insure, see to it, ensure, ascertain, assure]
8 have a firm understanding or knowledge of; be on top of; "Do you control these data?" [syn: master] [also: controlling, controlled]
EtymologyMiddle English controllen, borrowed from Middle French contreroller, 'check against a duplicate account', from Medieval Latin contrarotulare, from contra 'opposite' + rotula 'roll, little wheel'.
- US: /kənˈt(ʃ)roʊl/, /k@n"t(S)roUl/
- UK: /kənˈtrəʊl/, /k@n"tr@Ul/
- Catalan: controlar
- Traditional: 控制
- Czech: řídit, ovládat
- Danish: styre (Do not confuse with kontrollere, which means to check and/or to verify)
- Dutch: beheersen (in modern usage also controleren, though this is still considered an anglicism by many)
- French: contrôler
- Galician: controlar
- German: steuern, kontrollieren
- Greek: ελέγχω, ασκώ έλεγχο
- Hindi: niyantran
- Gujarati: niyantran
- Hebrew: לשלוט (lishlot')
- Indonesian: kontrol, kendali
- Japanese: 制御する (せいぎょする, seigyo-suru), 支配する (しはいする, shihai-suru), コントロールする (kontorōru-suru)
- Malay: mengawal, menguasai
- Polish: kontrolować, sterować, zarządzać, nadzorować
- Portuguese (Brazilian): controlar
- Romanian: a comanda, a controla
- Spanish: controlar
- Swedish: kontrollera
- Telugu: నియంత్రించు (niyamtrinchu)
- Influence or authority over.
- The government has complete control over the situation.
- A separate group or subject in an experiment against which the results are compared where the primary variable is low or nonexistence.
- The method and means of governing the performance of any apparatus, machine or system, such as a lever, handle or button.
- A security mechanism, policy, or procedure that can counter system attack, reduce risks, and resolve vulnerabilities, synonymous with safeguard and counter-measure.
- restraint or ability to contain one's emotions, or self-control.
- An interface element that a computer user interacts with, such as a window or a text box.
- control character
- control panel
- cruise control
- in control
- master control
- mind control
- out of control
- proportional control
- race control
- under control
- German: Kontrolle
- Spanish: administración, control, dirección, manejo, organización
in an experiment
- German: Kontrollgruppe
- Spanish: patrón de comparación
- Spanish: contramedida
- Spanish: control, autodominio
graphical user interface element
- Czech: ovládání (method and means)
- Danish: kontrol
- Dutch: controle , invloed
- Finnish: hallinta, vertailuryhmä, ohjaus
- French: contrôle
- Greek: έλεγχος (1), επιρροή (epirroe) (1), ρύθμιση (rythmisi) (3), χειρισμός (khirismos) (1,3)
- Hebrew: שליטה (shlit'a) (1)
- Indonesian: mengontrol, mengendalikan
- Japanese: 制御 (せいぎょ, seigyo)(1), 支配 (しはい, shihai)(1), 対照 (たいしょう, taishō)(2), コントロール (kontorōru)(1,3)
- Kurdish: kontrol
- Portuguese (brazilian): controle
- Swedish: kontroll (1,3), kontrollgrupp c(2)
- Telugu: నియంత్రణ (niyamtrana) (1)
Control is used in a variety of contexts to express "mastery" or "proficiency": e.g. "Music students attending a master class are expected to have full control of basic skills such as rhythm and pitch".
Control may also refer to:
Management and finance
Science and technology
- Biological pest control, a natural method of controlling pests such as insects, weeds, and plant diseases
- Control engineering, a discipline of modeling and controlling of systems
- Control system, the ability to control some mechanical or chemical equipment
- Widget (computing) (control or widget), a component of a graphical user interface
- Scientific control to isolate variables in experiments
- Control network, a set of reference-points of known geospatial coordinates
- Control theory, the mathematical theory about controlling dynamical systems over time
- Control key, on a computer keyboard
- Argument control, in linguistics
- Controlling for a variable, in statistics
- Control freak, in psychology
- Control, a brand name for the drug lorazepam
Film and television
- Kontroll, a 2003 Hungarian movie (released as Control internationally)
- Control (2007 film), a movie about Joy Division singer Ian Curtis, directed by Anton Corbijn
- CONTROL, a fictional secret U.S. government spy agency in the television series Get Smart
- "Control" (House episode), an episode of the American TV series House
- Control (1920 film), a UK comedy short by Frank Miller
- Control or , a 1987 made-for-TV movie starring Burt Lancaster
- Control (2004 film) Direct-to-video movie starring Ray Liotta, Willem Dafoe and Michelle Rodriguez. A convict gets a second chance at life if he agrees to undergo behavior modification.
Control (Janet Jackson album), a 1986 album by Janet
- "Control" (Janet Jackson song), a song from the album above
- "Control" (Puddle of Mudd song), a 2001 song by Puddle of Mudd
- Control (Pedro the Lion album), a 2002 album by Pedro the Lion
- Control (GoodBooks album) a 2007 album by GoodBooks
- Control (Mute Math song) a 2004 song by Mute Math
- She's Lost Control Song by Joy Division
- Control (Metro Station song)
control in German: Control
control in French: Contrôle
control in Dutch: Controlling
control in Polish: Kontrola
control in Portuguese: Controle
control in Serbo-Croatian: Kontrola
control in Turkish: Kontrol
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